General Nursing and Midwifery(GNM)

What is the Full form of GNM?

The full form of GNM Nursing is General Nursing and Midwifery, and it offers a path to a nursing career immediately after completing the 12th grade. The GNM course spans a duration of 3 years, which includes a mandatory 6-month internship. This program equips aspirants with the skills and knowledge needed to become qualified caretakers in medical institutions and hospitals, addressing the increasing demand for healthcare professionals.

About GNM course

The General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) course is a specialized program that trains individuals in the field of nursing and midwifery. This program, typically spanning 3 years, combines theoretical and practical components, covering subjects such as anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, microbiology, and community health nursing. GNM aims to equip students with the knowledge and skills to provide effective patient care and handle various medical situations. It places emphasis not only on technical expertise but also on developing strong communication and interpersonal skills, as nurses play a crucial role in connecting with and supporting patients. Graduates of the GNM course can pursue careers as staff nurses in hospitals, clinics, and various healthcare settings, contributing to the well-being of patients and communities.


    Who can study GNM nursing course ?
    • Educational Qualification: Candidates should have completed their 10+2 (or its equivalent) from a recognized board with English as a compulsory subject.
    • Minimum Marks: In most cases, candidates are required to have obtained a minimum of 40% to 45% aggregate marks in their 10+2 examination. The specific percentage may vary depending on the institution and state.
    • Age Limit: The age limit for GNM course admissions can vary by institution and state. Generally, candidates should be at least 17 years old and not exceed a maximum age limit, which may be around 35 years in some cases.
    • Medical Fitness: Candidates should be medically fit and provide a medical fitness certificate..

    GNM Eligibility Criteria

    • Class 12 with English: Candidates should have passed Class 12 with English and must have secured a minimum of 40 percent in aggregate in the qualifying examination, with English as a separate passing subject. This applies to candidates from any recognized board. Additionally, candidates from State Open Schools recognized by the State Government and the National Institute of Open Schools (NIOS) recognized by the Central Government are also eligible.
    • Class 12 with PCM/B and English: Candidates should have passed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology (PCM/B), and English, securing at least 40 percent in aggregate in a vocational ANM course from an institute recognized by the Indian Nursing Council.
    • Class 12 with PCM/B and English (CBSE): Eligibility extends to candidates who have completed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology (PCM/B), and English, obtaining a minimum of 40 percent in aggregate in the Vocational Stream-Health Care Science from a recognized CBSE board or center.
    • Registered ANM: Individuals who are Registered ANMs with a qualifying mark are also eligible for the GNM course.

    GNM Course: Syllabus

    • Year 1:
    • Biological Science
    • Anatomy and Physiology
    • Microbiology
    • Behavioral Science
    • Fundamentals of Nursing
    • First Aid
    • Personal Hygiene
    • Community Health Nursing – I
    • Year 2:
    • Medical-Surgical Nursing – I
    • Medical-Surgical Nursing – II
    • Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing
    • Child Health Nursing
    • Co-Medical Nursing
    • Community Health Nursing – II
    • Year 3:
    • Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing
    • Community Health Nursing – III
    • Pediatric Nursing
    • Internship Period
    • Midwifery
    • Health Center Management


    Types of GNM Courses
    • Auxiliary Nurse & Midwife (ANM): ANM is a basic nursing program that trains individuals to provide essential healthcare services, particularly in rural and community healthcare settings. ANMs play a vital role in promoting maternal and child health.
    • General Nursing & Midwifery (GNM): GNM is a diploma nursing program that prepares individuals to become registered nurses and midwives. GNM graduates are trained to provide nursing care and maternal care.
    • B.Sc. Nursing / B.Sc. Hons. Nursing / Post-Basic B.Sc. Nursing: These are undergraduate nursing programs that provide a more comprehensive and in-depth education in nursing. B.Sc. Nursing graduates are equipped with the knowledge and skills to work in various healthcare settings.
    • MSc in Nursing: MSc in Nursing is a postgraduate program that allows registered nurses to specialize in various nursing fields, such as pediatric nursing, psychiatric nursing, or critical care nursing. It provides advanced knowledge and research opportunities.
    • MPhil in Nursing: MPhil in Nursing is a research-oriented program that focuses on developing research skills and expertise in nursing. It’s a stepping stone for those interested in pursuing a Ph.D. in Nursing.
    • PhD in Nursing: A Ph.D. in Nursing is the highest level of nursing education. It involves in-depth research, scholarly work, and the advancement of nursing knowledge. Ph.D. nurses often become educators, researchers, and leaders in the field.

    GNM Career Scope: Job Profiles, Salary & Top Recruiters

    Gnm  choose from a variety of rewarding career paths that allow them to serve in hospitals, communities, and healthcare organizations. These roles may include becoming home nurses, health visitors, community health workers, basic health workers in rural areas, and joining essential government healthcare initiatives like Aanganwadi and ASHA workers. GNM Nursing graduates play a crucial role in improving the health and well-being of individuals and communities, making a significant impact on public health. As they gain experience and expertise, they have the opportunity to further specialize in nursing fields or pursue advanced education to advance their careers in healthcare.

    Job Profiles in GNM
    • Teachers: GNM graduates can become teachers at the post-secondary level, sharing their knowledge with students. They may engage in scholarly research and instruct in various disciplines, earning an average annual salary of approximately INR 9,13,657.
    • Legal Consulting Nurse: Legal Nurse Consultants provide medical expertise to legal entities, research organizations, and medical experts in cases related to healthcare. They review medical records, offer expert opinions on care, and prepare reports on injuries or illnesses. The average annual salary for this role is around INR 5,30,989.
    • Forensic Nurse: Forensic nurses play a critical role in caring for victims of assault, abuse, domestic violence, and sexual crimes. They also collect and secure evidence in cases of conflicts and reported crimes. The average annual salary for forensic nurses is about INR 4,94,720.
    • Clinical/Hospital Nurse: Clinical Nurse Specialists work in various healthcare settings, specializing in areas like Diabetology, Pediatrics, Obstetrics, Cardiovascular Health, or Public Policy. They earn an average annual salary of around INR 4,50,553.
    • Home Nurse: Home Nurses provide constant care to the sick and homebound or assist in medical facilities with staff limitations. Some may work in different healthcare settings, including hospitals, schools, and clinics, with an average annual salary of approximately INR 2,37,186.
    Top Recruiters in GNM
    • The Indian Red Cross Society: This renowned organization provides healthcare services and humanitarian support to those in need.
    • Community Health Centers: Graduates can find employment at community health centers, which serve as vital hubs for primary healthcare services.
    • Apollo Hospitals Enterprise: Apollo Hospitals is a prominent healthcare group that offers diverse healthcare services across the country.
    • Medanta Medicity: Medanta is a multi-specialty medical institute known for its comprehensive healthcare services.
    • Global Hospitals: Global Hospitals is a well-established healthcare institution providing advanced medical care.
    • Max Hospital: Max Healthcare is a well-known healthcare provider in India, offering a wide range of medical services.
    • Fortis Healthcare: Fortis Healthcare is a leading chain of hospitals known for its high-quality healthcare services.
    • Columbia Asia Hospital: Columbia Asia Hospital is a well-recognized healthcare provider offering excellent medical care.
    • Manipal Hospital: Manipal Hospitals is a renowned healthcare organization known for its quality healthcare services.
    • Wockhardt Hospitals: Wockhardt Hospitals is a prominent player in the healthcare industry, providing advanced medical treatment


    1. What is GNM in nursing?
    • GNM stands for General Nursing and Midwifery. It is a specialized nursing program that trains individuals to become qualified nurses and midwives.
    1. What is the duration of the GNM course?
    • The GNM course typically spans over a period of 3 years, with an additional 6 months of mandatory internship.
    1. What are the eligibility criteria for GNM?
    • Eligibility criteria may vary, but in general, candidates must have completed their 10+2 with English and secured a minimum of 40% in the qualifying examination. Additional requirements may apply depending on the institution.
    1. What is the scope of GNM nursing?
    • GNM graduates can work as staff nurses, home nurses, health visitors, community health workers, and in various healthcare roles.
    1. What is the average salary of a GNM nurse in India?
    • The salary of GNM nurses in India varies based on experience and location. Entry-level GNM nurses can earn around INR 8,000 to INR 12,000, with potential for higher salaries with experience.
    1. Where can GNM nurses find job opportunities?
    • GNM nurses can find job opportunities in hospitals, clinics, community health centers, and other healthcare facilities. They can also work as home nurses, health visitors, and in public health roles.
    1. What is the role of a midwife in GNM?
    • Midwives play a crucial role in supporting expectant mothers during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum care. They provide essential healthcare and guidance to ensure safe pregnancies and deliveries.
    1. Can GNM nurses pursue higher education?
    • Yes, GNM nurses can pursue higher education in nursing, such as B.Sc. Nursing or M.Sc. Nursing, to advance their careers and specialize in various nursing fields.
    1. Is GNM a recognized nursing course in India?
    • Yes, GNM is a recognized nursing course in India, and GNM graduates are eligible to work as registered nurses and midwives.
    1. What is the difference between GNM and B.Sc. Nursing?
    •  GNM is a diploma-level nursing course, while B.Sc. Nursing is a bachelor’s degree program. B.Sc. Nursing provides a more in-depth and comprehensive nursing education.

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