BDS-Bachelor of Dental Surgery


Bachelor of Dental Surgery is the full form of BDS. Students typically enrol in this bachelor’s level degree to work in the dental industry in the future. In India, BDS is one of the most well-liked medical programs, coming in second place only after MBBS. To enroll in this course, aspirants must pass the NEET entrance exam, the same as for MBBS. BDS course is a 5-year course with 1 year of paid internship program included in it. Candidates need to come through their 10+2 level with at least 50% aggregate marks with pure science in class 12. The average course fee for pursuing BDS is INR 1-6 lacs per annum, whereas the average salary which a BDS graduate can get is INR INR 4-10 lacs.


  • Educational Qualifications:
  • Candidates must have completed their 10+2 level of education with science subjects. This means you should have a background in physics, chemistry, and biology (PCB).The minimum aggregate marks required in the PCB subjects may vary by institution, but it’s usually around 50% to 60%.In addition to PCB, some institutions may also consider English as a mandatory subject.
  • NEET Exam:
  •  In India, BDS admissions are usually based on the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) scores. Aspirants must appear for the NEET exam and obtain a qualifying score.
  • Age Limit:
  • There is typically no upper age limit for BDS admissions through NEET. However, it’s essential to check the specific requirements of the institutions you are interested in.
  • Domicile Requirements:
  •  Some state government institutions may have specific domicile or residency requirements for admission. Be sure to check if any such requirements apply to the institutions you wish to apply to.
  • Other Entrance Exams:
  •  In addition to NEET, some private institutions or dental colleges may conduct their own entrance exams. If you are considering such institutions, make sure to check the entrance exam requirements and eligibility criteria.

BDS Admission Process

1-BDS Entrance Exam:Neet Dates 2024


    Important Events


    NEET 2024 Notification by NTA

    First week of March 2024

    NEET UG 2024 Application Form Date

    First week of March 2024

    NEET 2024 Admit Card

    First week of May 2024

    NEET 2024 Exam Date (Out)

    May 5, 2024

    NEET 2024 Result Date

    Second week of June 2024

    2-BDS Cut Off


    NEET 2024 Cut off Percentile

    NEET 2024 Cut off Marks

    General/ EWS












    General/ EWS- PwD



    OBC- PwD



    SC- PwD



    ST- PwD



    3-BDS State Admission

    1. State Common Entrance Test (CET): Many states conduct their own Common Entrance Test for admission to BDS programs. These tests may be known by different names in different states, such as MH-CET in Maharashtra or KEAM in Kerala. You need to appear for the state-specific CET for the state where you wish to secure admission.
    2. Eligibility: Ensure you meet the eligibility criteria set by the respective state for BDS admission. This typically includes educational qualifications (10+2 with PCB and English), minimum marks, and age criteria.
    3. Application: Fill out the application form for the state’s CET. These forms are usually available online on the official website of the state’s CET authority. Pay the application fee as specified.
    4. Admit Card: Download your admit card or hall ticket for the CET exam. This card is your entry pass to the examination hall.
    5. CET Exam: Appear for the CET exam on the scheduled date. The exam will typically consist of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) in subjects like physics, chemistry, and biology.
    6. Merit List: After the CET, the state will release a merit list of candidates based on their performance in the exam.
    7. Counseling: Once the merit list is published, candidates are invited to participate in the counseling process. During counseling, you can choose the colleges and courses based on your rank in the merit list. Seats are allotted based on your rank, preferences, and the availability of seats in various colleges.
    8. Document Verification: You’ll be required to submit relevant documents for verification during the counseling process. Ensure you have all necessary documents, including your 10+2 certificates, CET scorecard, and other related certificates.
    9. Seat Allotment: Based on your rank and choices, seats will be allotted to you. You may need to pay the admission fee to secure your seat.
    10. Reporting to College: Once you’ve been allotted a seat, you’ll need to report to the allotted dental college within the specified time frame to complete the admission process.

    BDS Government College

    1. Government Dental College, Haldwani: This is the main government dental college in Uttarakhand, affiliated with Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Uttarakhand Medical Education University. It offers BDS courses and is known for its quality dental education.
    2. Doon Dental College & Hospital, Dehradun: Although it is not a government dental college, it is a recognized dental college in Uttarakhand that offers BDS programs. It is associated with H.N.B. Garhwal University.

    BDS Private College

    1. Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Medical and Health Sciences, Dehradun: This is a prominent private institution that offers a BDS program. It is affiliated with Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Uttarakhand Medical Education University.
    2. Seema Dental College & Hospital, Rishikesh: Located in Rishikesh, Seema Dental College & Hospital is another private dental college in Uttarakhand that offers BDS courses.
    3. Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun: While Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences is well-known for its medical programs, it also offers dental education.


    1. Pre-Clinical Subjects:
    • Human Anatomy
    • Human Physiology
    • Biochemistry
    • Dental Anatomy
    • Dental Histology
    1. Para-Clinical Subjects:
    • General Pathology
    • Microbiology
    • Pharmacology
    • General and Dental Pharmacology
    1. Dental Materials:
    • Dental Materials Science
    • Dental Materials Laboratory
    1. Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge:
    • Complete Denture Prosthodontics
    • Partial Denture Prosthodontics
    • Crown and Bridge Prosthodontics
    1. Clinical Subjects:
    • General Medicine
    • General Surgery
    • Oral Medicine and Radiology
    • Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology
    1. Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics:
    • Operative Dentistry
    • Endodontics (Root Canal Treatment)
    1. Periodontics:
    • Periodontology (Study of Gums)
    1. Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics:
    • Orthodontics (Study of Malocclusion)
    1. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery:
    • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
    • Local Anesthesia and General Anesthesia in Dentistry
    1. Public Health Dentistry:
    • Community Dentistry
    • Preventive and Community Dentistry
    1. Prosthodontics:
    • Complete Dentures
    • Partial Dentures
    • Removable Dentures
    • Fixed Dentures
    • Maxillofacial Prosthodontics
    1. Pediatric Dentistry:
    • Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry
    1. Oral Medicine and Radiology:
    • Oral Diagnosis
    • Radiology
    • Oral Radiology
    1. Oral Pathology:
    • Oral Diseases
    • Oral Histopathology
    1. Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine:
    • Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine
    • Diagnosis and Management of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases
    1. Implantology:
    • Dental Implantology
    1. Geriatric Dentistry:
    • Dental Care for the Elderly
    1. Ethics, Jurisprudence, and Practice Management:
    • Dental Ethics and Professionalism
    • Legal Aspects of Dentistry
    • Practice Management

    BDS Scholarship

    1. Samaaj Kalyaan (Social Welfare Department): Undergraduate students wishing to pursue BDS and belonging to the OBC, economically weaker sections (EWS), or those coming under the Scheduled Caste (SC) or Scheduled Tribe (ST) category (must have a genuine certificate as proof) can avail scholarships of a certain amount of their tuition fees. The amount of scholarship disbursed may vary and is based on their category and financial status.
    2. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE): BDS students may also refer to AICTE scholarships. AICTE offers fully funded scholarships to students of certain states, one example is students of Jammu and Kashmir. AICTE covers their full tuition and hostel fees of four years. However, any supply fees and the internship year’s hostel fees will have to be covered by the candidate himself.
    3. State Government of Bihar: The state government of Bihar also provides substantial scholarships to students belonging to SC/ST, OBC, and EWS.

    Masters Course After BDS

    • Master of Dental Surgery (MDS): MDS is a postgraduate program that offers specialization in various dental disciplines. Common MDS specializations include:
    • Endodontics and Conservative Dentistry
    • Pediatric Dentistry
    • Community Dentistry
    • Radiology and Oral Medicine
    • Prosthodontics
    • Orthodontics
    • Oral Pathology
    • Public Health Dentistry
    • Maxillofacial and Oral Pathology
    • Master of Science in Prosthetics and Orthotics: This program focuses on the design, fabrication, and fitting of orthopedic and prosthetic devices for individuals with musculoskeletal disabilities.

    Types of Doctor

    1. General Dentist (DDS or BDS): General dentists provide comprehensive dental care, including routine check-ups, dental cleanings, fillings, and basic dental procedures. They are often the first point of contact for patients seeking oral healthcare.
    2. Orthodontist: Orthodontists specialize in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of misaligned teeth and jaw irregularities. They commonly provide braces, aligners, and other orthodontic appliances to correct dental issues.
    3. Periodontist: Periodontists focus on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal (gum) diseases. They perform procedures such as gum surgeries and dental implants to address advanced gum problems.
    4. Endodontist: Endodontists specialize in root canal therapy. They diagnose and treat infections and diseases of the dental pulp, which is the innermost part of the tooth.
    5. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon: Oral surgeons are skilled in performing surgical procedures related to the mouth, jaws, face, and neck. They may carry out complex surgeries, including wisdom tooth extraction, jaw reconstruction, and treatment of facial trauma.
    6. Prosthodontist: Prosthodontists specialize in restoring and replacing missing or damaged teeth. They design and fit dental prostheses, such as dentures, crowns, bridges, and dental implants.
    7. Pediatric Dentist (Pedodontist): Pediatric dentists are experts in children’s dental health. They provide care for infants, children, and adolescents, focusing on preventive and restorative treatments specific to young patients.
    8. Oral Medicine Specialist: Oral medicine specialists diagnose and manage conditions related to the oral cavity and surrounding areas. They may work with patients who have complex oral health issues.
    9. Public Health Dentist: Public health dentists concentrate on improving oral health on a broader scale. They work in public health agencies, government organizations, and community settings to develop and implement oral health programs and policies.
    10. Oral Pathologist: Oral pathologists diagnose and study diseases and conditions of the oral and maxillofacial region. They often work in laboratory settings to analyze tissue samples and assist in diagnosis.
    11. Geriatric Dentist: Geriatric dentists specialize in providing dental care for the elderly population. They address the unique oral health needs of older patients.
    12. Dental Radiologist: Dental radiologists interpret dental and maxillofacial imaging, such as X-rays and CT scans, to aid in diagnosis and treatment planning. Implantologist: Implantologists are experts in placing and restoring dental implants, which are used to replace missing teeth or support dental prostheses.

    Jobs & Salary

    1. Dentist: Dentists who run their own practice or work in private clinics can earn an average annual salary of around 3 to 5 lakhs INR. The salary may vary based on factors such as location, experience, and the size of the practice.
    2. Dental Hygienist: Dental hygienists focus on preventive dental care and hygiene. They can earn an average annual salary ranging from 3 to 6 lakhs INR. Their earnings may vary based on experience and the setting in which they work.
    3. Oral Pathologist: Oral pathologists diagnose and study diseases of the oral and maxillofacial region. They typically earn an average annual salary of around 4 to 8 lakhs INR. Salary can vary depending on experience and location.
    4. Dental Surgeon: Dental surgeons perform various dental procedures, including surgeries. Their average annual salary can range from 5 to 9 lakhs INR. The salary may vary based on specialization and practice type.
    5. Dental Scientist: Dental scientists are involved in research and development. They can earn an average annual salary of approximately 6 to 10 lakhs INR. Their earnings may depend on their level of expertise and the organizations they work for.
    6. Lecturer: Lecturers in dental colleges and institutions typically earn an average annual salary ranging from 4 to 6 lakhs INR. Salary can vary based on experience, academic qualifications, and the institution’s location and reputation.

    Preparation Strategy

    • Strong Foundation in Science Subjects:
    • Before starting your BDS, make sure you have a solid understanding of science subjects, particularly Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB). Review your 10+2 coursework to ensure you have a good grasp of the basics.
    • NEET Exam Preparation:
    • To gain admission to a BDS program in India, you’ll need to clear the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). Dedicate a significant amount of time to prepare for the NEET exam by using study materials, practice tests, and NEET coaching programs.
    • Understanding the BDS Curriculum:
    • Research the BDS curriculum to understand the subjects and topics you’ll be studying during your course. This will give you a head start and help you focus on specific areas that may require more attention.
    • Stay Updated on Dental Advances:
    • Keep up with the latest developments and advancements in the field of dentistry. Read dental journals, articles, and research papers to familiarize yourself with emerging trends and techniques.
    • Time Management:
    • Develop effective time management skills to balance your academic studies, practical work, and personal life. Create a study schedule that allocates sufficient time to each subject and allows for regular breaks.
    • Effective Study Techniques:
    • Use active learning techniques such as note-taking, flashcards, and mind mapping to reinforce your understanding of dental concepts. Active learning can help you retain information more effectively.
    • Practical Training:
    • Make the most of your practical training and clinical rotations. Hands-on experience is crucial for your development as a dental professional. Take every opportunity to learn from experienced practitioners and engage actively in patient care.
    • Collaboration and Networking:
    • Collaborate with your peers, seniors, and professors. Dental education often involves group projects and teamwork, so building good working relationships is important.
    • Stay Informed and Engaged:
    • Attend seminars, workshops, and conferences related to dentistry to stay informed about the latest trends and research. Engage in extracurricular activities and clubs related to dentistry to enhance your knowledge and skills.
    • Time for Self-Care:
    • Remember to take breaks and prioritize self-care to maintain your physical and mental well-being. A healthy and balanced lifestyle is crucial for success in your BDS course.
    • Seek Help When Needed:
    • Don’t hesitate to ask for help if you’re struggling with certain subjects or topics. Your professors, mentors, and peers are valuable resources to assist you in your studies.
    • Maintain a Growth Mindset:
    • Approach your BDS course with a growth mindset. Be open to learning, adapt to challenges, and view mistakes as opportunities for improvement.


    • Duration: BDS is typically a 5-year undergraduate program, which includes both academic and clinical training. After completing the academic coursework, students are required to undergo a one-year mandatory internship to gain practical experience.
    • Curriculum: The BDS curriculum covers a wide range of subjects related to dentistry. Some of the core subjects and topics you can expect to study include:
    • Dental Anatomy
    • Oral Pathology
    • Oral Medicine and Radiology
    • Periodontology (study of the supporting structures of teeth)
    • Prosthodontics (dental prostheses)
    • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
    • Endodontics (root canal treatment)
    • Conservative Dentistry (restorative and preventive dental care)
    • Orthodontics (alignment of teeth and jaws)
    • Pedodontics (pediatric dentistry)
    • Public Health Dentistry
    • Community Dentistry
    • Dental Materials and Biomaterials
    • Oral Pathology and Microbiology
    • Clinical Training: Clinical training is a crucial component of the BDS course. During the clinical rotations and internship, students gain hands-on experience in diagnosing and treating dental conditions, performing dental procedures, and providing oral healthcare to patients. This practical exposure is essential for becoming a competent dentist.
    • Licensing: After completing the BDS course, graduates are required to register with the Dental Council of India (DCI) or the respective State Dental Councils to practice as dentists. This registration is necessary to legally provide dental care to patients.
    • Specializations: BDS graduates can choose to pursue further specialization by enrolling in a Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) program. MDS offers various specialties, including orthodontics, oral surgery, pediatric dentistry, and more, allowing dentists to become specialists in specific areas of dentistry.
    • Career Opportunities: BDS graduates can work in a variety of settings, including private dental clinics, hospitals, academic institutions, research organizations, and government health departments. They can also explore opportunities in oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics, and other specialized areas.
    • Challenges: BDS is a rigorous program that demands dedication, time management, and the ability to balance academic and clinical responsibilities. The course can be physically and mentally taxing due to the demanding nature of dental procedures and patient care.
    • Opportunities for Growth: The field of dentistry is evolving with advancements in technology and treatment modalities. BDS professionals have opportunities for continuous learning and specialization, which can lead to a successful and fulfilling career.


    • NEET Qualification: To be eligible for BDS counseling, you must have qualified in the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). Your NEET score and rank will be a key factor in determining your eligibility and seat allotment.
    • Online Registration: You need to register online for the counseling process. Various state counseling authorities or designated bodies conduct counseling for state quota seats and private colleges. Make sure to register within the specified dates and provide accurate information.
    • Choice Filling and Locking: During the counseling registration, you’ll have the opportunity to select your preferred dental colleges and courses. You should carefully choose the colleges you wish to apply to. After selecting your choices, you may need to lock them to confirm your selections.
    • Document Verification: After choice filling, you will be required to attend an in-person or online document verification process. You’ll need to provide necessary documents, including your NEET scorecard, identity proof, educational certificates, and other relevant documents. Ensure that you carry both original and photocopies of these documents.
    • Merit List: Once document verification is complete, a merit list will be prepared based on NEET scores and other criteria set by the counseling authority. Your rank in the merit list will determine your chances of getting your preferred seat.
    • Counseling Rounds: BDS counseling typically consists of multiple rounds. In each round, seats are allotted based on the choices you’ve made, your NEET rank, and the availability of seats in the colleges. If you are not allotted a seat in the first round, you may have the opportunity to participate in subsequent rounds.
    • Seat Allotment: After each counseling round, seat allotment results are published. If you are allotted a seat, you will need to confirm your acceptance by paying the required fees. If you do not accept the seat, it may be allocated to other candidates in the subsequent rounds.
    • Reporting to the College: If you accept a seat, you’ll be required to report to the allotted college within the specified timeframe. You must complete the admission process and fulfill any additional requirements set by the college.
    • Upgradation and Further Rounds: In some cases, candidates may be eligible for upgradation to a higher-preference seat in subsequent rounds. Keep an eye on the counseling schedule for any further rounds.
    • Participating in Other Counseling: If you are not satisfied with the seat allotted in one state’s counseling, you can also participate in counseling in other states, if eligible.


    1-What is BDS?

    • BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery. It is an undergraduate program in dentistry that prepares students to become dentists.

    2-How long is the BDS course in India?

    • BDS is typically a 5-year undergraduate program, followed by a one-year mandatory internship. The entire duration of BDS is 5.5 years.

    3-What are the eligibility criteria for BDS?

    • To be eligible for BDS, you must have completed your 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) as compulsory subjects. Additionally, you need to qualify in the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) to gain admission to BDS programs in India.

    4-What is the difference between BDS and MBBS?

    • BDS is focused on dental healthcare, while MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) is centered on general medical practice. Dentists specialize in oral health, while medical doctors focus on a broader range of medical conditions.

    5-Do I need to register with a dental council to practice as a dentist after BDS?

    • Yes, after completing BDS, you are required to register with the Dental Council of India (DCI) or the relevant State Dental Council to legally practice dentistry in India.

    6-What are the common specializations available after BDS?

    • After BDS, you can pursue a Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) to specialize in areas such as Orthodontics, Oral Surgery, Periodontics, Endodontics, and more.

    7-What is the scope of a career in dentistry?

    • Dentists can work in various settings, including private dental clinics, hospitals, government health departments, academic institutions, and research organizations. Dentists can also choose to specialize in specific areas of dentistry.

    8-What is the average salary of a dentist in India?

    • The salary of a dentist in India can vary based on factors like location, experience, and specialization. On average, a starting salary for a BDS graduate can range from 3 to 5 lakhs per annum.

    9-Is BDS a challenging course?

    • BDS is considered a challenging program that requires dedication, academic rigor, and practical skills. The course involves rigorous theoretical and clinical training.

    10-Can I practice as a dentist in other countries with an Indian BDS degree?

    • The recognition of an Indian BDS degree for practice in other countries depends on the specific regulations and requirements of that country. Many countries may require additional exams or assessments for international dentists to practice.

    11-What are the core subjects covered in the BDS curriculum?

    • The BDS curriculum includes subjects such as Dental Anatomy, Oral Pathology, Prosthodontics, Orthodontics, Periodontology, Oral Surgery, and more.

    12-How can I prepare for the NEET exam for BDS admission?

    • NEET preparation typically involves studying the NEET syllabus, taking practice tests, and possibly enrolling in NEET coaching programs to enhance your chances of securing a good score.

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