Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm D)

What is Pharm D….?

Pharm. D, or Doctor of Pharmacy, is a professional doctoral degree program designed to train pharmacists to become medication experts and provide comprehensive pharmaceutical care. This six-year program (post-high school) equips students with the knowledge and skills needed to work in various healthcare settings, including community pharmacies, hospitals, pharmaceutical industry, and research institutions.

Pharm. D curriculum typically covers a wide range of subjects, including pharmacology, pharmaceutical chemistry, therapeutics, clinical pharmacy, pharmacotherapy, and pharmacy management. Students also gain practical experience through internships and clinical rotations, allowing them to apply their knowledge in real-world healthcare scenarios.


    Course Highlights:

    Course type



    6 years

    Examination Type

    Semester wise


    10+2 with minimum 50% marks with science stream

    Admission process

    Entrance exam

    Course Fee

    INR 6,00,000 – INR 20,00,000

    Average Salary (per month)

    INR 3,00,000 – INR 10,00,000

    Top Recruiting companies

    Home health care, community pharmacy, clinical pharmacy, geriatric pharmacy, managed care, governmental agencies, etc.

    Job Position

    Pharmacists, drug experts, retail pharmacists, hospital pharmacy director, hospital staff pharmacists, clinical pharmacists, etc.

    Pharm D: Admission Process(2024-25)

    • Eligibility Criteria: Check the eligibility criteria for the Pharm. D program at the institution of your choice. Requirements may vary between universities and colleges.
    • Academic Qualifications: Ensure you meet the minimum academic qualifications, usually including completion of 10+2 (or equivalent) with specific science subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
    • Entrance Exams: Many institutions require candidates to appear for specific entrance exams, such as the Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT) or state-level pharmacy entrance exams. You’ll need to prepare for and perform well in these exams.
    • Application Process: Obtain the application form from the university or college where you want to pursue your Pharm. D degree. Fill out the application form with accurate information and submit it along with the required documents and application fee.
    • Selection: The university or college will evaluate the applications and entrance exam scores. Shortlisted candidates may be called for further rounds, such as interviews or counseling.
    • Counseling and Seat Allotment: If your application is successful, you’ll participate in counseling sessions where you may be able to choose your preferred branch or specialization within the Pharm. D program. Seats will be allotted based on your merit, choices, and availability.
    • Document Verification: After seat allotment, you’ll need to provide the necessary documents for verification. These documents may include your academic certificates, identity proof, and other relevant paperwork.
    • Admission Fee Payment: Pay the admission fee and any other fees required by the institution to confirm your admission.
    • Registration: Complete the registration process as per the university’s instructions.
    • Commencement of Classes: Once you’ve completed all the above steps, you can start your Pharm. D program as per the academic calendar.

    Pharm D: Eligibility

    Eligibility Criteria


    Educational Qualification

    10+2 with Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology)

    Entrance Exams

    Some colleges may require a qualifying entrance exam, such as GPAT (Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test) or state-level entrance exams.

    Minimum Marks

    Typically, a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in the 10+2 or equivalent examination is required. Some institutions may have higher cutoffs.

    Age Limit

    There may be age limits, usually ranging from 17 to 23 years, but it can vary among institutions and states.

    Reserved Categories

    Some colleges may have reserved seats for specific categories, such as SC, ST, OBC, or PwD candidates, with relaxed eligibility criteria.

    Foreign Nationals

    Some institutions may admit foreign nationals based on different criteria, so it’s essential to check with the respective colleges.

    Top Pharm D Course/College in Uttarakhand

    Pharm D: Specialization

    • Clinical Pharmacy: Clinical pharmacists work in healthcare settings, such as hospitals or clinics, and are involved in patient care by providing medication therapy management, monitoring drug therapy, and optimizing medication regimens.
    • Hospital Pharmacy: Hospital pharmacists work within the healthcare system and are responsible for ensuring the safe and effective use of medications within the hospital setting. They often manage the hospital’s drug formulary and provide drug information to healthcare professionals.
    • Community Pharmacy: Community pharmacists work in retail or independent pharmacies, providing medications and offering counseling to patients on proper medication use, potential drug interactions, and over-the-counter products.
    • Ambulatory Care Pharmacy: Ambulatory care pharmacists work in outpatient care settings, such as primary care clinics or specialty clinics, where they focus on managing chronic diseases and providing medication therapy management.
    • Geriatric Pharmacy: Geriatric pharmacists specialize in the care of older adults and the unique medication needs of this population, including issues like polypharmacy and medication management in elderly patients.
    • Pediatric Pharmacy: Pediatric pharmacists work in children’s hospitals or pediatric clinics, specializing in medication therapy for pediatric patients and ensuring the safe use of medications in children.
    • Oncology Pharmacy: Oncology pharmacists are involved in the management of cancer patients’ medication regimens, including chemotherapy and supportive care drugs.
    • Pharmacotherapy: Pharmacotherapy specialists are knowledgeable about a wide range of medications and their applications, making them experts in selecting and optimizing drug therapy for various medical conditions.
    • Psychiatric Pharmacy: Psychiatric pharmacists work in mental health facilities and specialize in the treatment of mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia, through the use of psychotropic medications.
    • Infectious Disease Pharmacy: Infectious disease pharmacists focus on the management of antimicrobial medications and the treatment of infectious diseases, including antibiotic stewardship programs.
    • Regulatory Affairs: Pharmacists interested in regulatory affairs can specialize in drug regulation, ensuring compliance with government regulations and facilitating the approval and marketing of new pharmaceutical products.
    • Research and Academia: Some Pharm.D graduates choose to pursue careers in research or academia, where they can work in universities, pharmaceutical companies, or research institutions, conducting research in various areas of pharmaceutical sciences.

    Pharm D: Syllabus




    Year 1

    Semester 1:



    – Human Anatomy and Physiology

    – Introduction to the human body


    – Pharmaceutical Analysis

    – Basics of analytical chemistry


    – Medicinal Biochemistry

    – Biochemistry and drug interactions


    – Pharmaceutics I

    – Drug dosage forms and pharmaceutical technology


    – Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry

    – Inorganic chemistry related to pharmaceuticals

    Year 1

    Semester 2:



    – Pathophysiology

    – Disease processes and their mechanisms


    – Pharmacology I

    – Introduction to pharmacology


    – Pharmaceutical Microbiology

    – Microbiological aspects of pharmaceuticals


    – Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

    – Study of medicinal plants and natural products


    – Pharmaceutics II

    – Drug formulation, design, and development

    Year 2

    Semester 3:



    – Pharmacology II

    – Advanced pharmacological principles


    – Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry

    – Organic chemistry in pharmaceuticals


    – Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics

    – Drug absorption, distribution, and kinetics


    – Pharmacy Practice I

    – Introduction to pharmacy practice

    Year 2

    Semester 4:



    – Medicinal Chemistry

    – Synthesis and design of medicinal compounds


    – Pharmaceutical Engineering

    – Pharmaceutical process engineering


    – Pharmacy Practice II

    – Dispensing, counseling, and patient care

    Year 3

    Semester 5:



    – Clinical Pharmacokinetics

    – Advanced drug kinetics in clinical settings


    – Pharmacy Practice III

    – Hospital pharmacy and clinical practice


    – Clinical Toxicology

    – Study of toxic substances and their effects


    – Biostatistics and Research Methodology

    – Statistical analysis in pharmaceutical research

    Year 3

    Semester 6:



    – Clinical Research and Bioethics

    – Research ethics and principles


    – Pharmaceutical Regulatory Science

    – Drug regulation and approvals


    – Pharmacy Practice IV

    – Community pharmacy and patient care

    Year 4

    Advanced Clinical Rotations



    – Hospital Pharmacy

    – Inpatient medication management


    – Ambulatory Care Pharmacy

    – Outpatient clinical services


    – Infectious Disease Pharmacy

    – Management of infectious diseases


    – Other Specialized Rotations

    – Specialty pharmacy settings (e.g., oncology, etc.)

    Year 5

    Electives and Capstone Projects


    Year 6

    Internship/Residency and Comprehensive Exams


    Pharm D: PG programs

    • D Post-Baccalaureate Residency Programs: These programs provide advanced clinical training and experience in a specific area of pharmacy practice, such as ambulatory care, critical care, or oncology. Residency programs typically last one to two years and are designed to enhance your clinical skills.
    • D Postgraduate Fellowships: Fellowships are often research-focused and are suitable for Pharm.D graduates interested in academia, research, or pharmaceutical industry careers. They typically last one to two years and involve research projects and teaching experiences.
    • D Postgraduate Master’s Programs: You can pursue a Master’s degree in various pharmaceutical sciences, clinical pharmacy, public health, or healthcare administration. These programs typically last two years and can provide additional knowledge and skills in your chosen field.
    • D PG Specialization Programs: Some universities offer specialized PG programs in areas like pharmacotherapy, pharmaceutical care, or clinical pharmacy. These programs provide in-depth knowledge and skills related to a specific area of pharmacy practice.
    • D PG Certificate Programs: Certificate programs offer short-term, focused training in specialized areas of pharmacy. These can be a good option if you want to gain expertise in a particular aspect of pharmacy without committing to a full Master’s or Ph.D. program.
    • D. in Pharmacy: If you have a strong interest in research and academia, you can pursue a Ph.D. in Pharmacy, which involves conducting in-depth research in a specific area of pharmacy or pharmaceutical sciences.
    • MBA in Healthcare Management: Some Pharm.D graduates choose to pursue an MBA with a focus on healthcare management to prepare for leadership roles in the pharmaceutical industry or healthcare organizations.

    Pharm D: Scope & Salary

    Job Role


    Average Salary Range (Per Annum)

    Clinical Pharmacist

    Work in hospitals, clinics, and healthcare settings to provide medication therapy management and patient care.

    ₹3,00,000 – ₹6,00,000

    Hospital Pharmacy Administrator

    Oversee the pharmaceutical services in hospitals, manage staff, and ensure the efficient functioning of the pharmacy department.

    ₹4,00,000 – ₹8,00,000

    Community Pharmacist

    Work in retail and community pharmacies, dispense medications, provide patient counseling, and manage the pharmacy’s operations.

    ₹2,50,000 – ₹5,00,000

    Pharmaceutical Researcher

    Conduct research and development in the pharmaceutical industry, including drug formulation, testing, and clinical trials.

    ₹3,50,000 – ₹7,00,000

    Regulatory Affairs Specialist

    Ensure compliance with drug regulations, manage regulatory submissions, and coordinate with government agencies and pharmaceutical companies.

    ₹3,00,000 – ₹6,00,000

    Pharmacovigilance Specialist

    Monitor and evaluate the safety of pharmaceutical products, manage adverse event reporting, and ensure product safety and compliance.

    ₹3,50,000 – ₹7,00,000

    Medical Writer

    Create written content for medical and healthcare publications, regulatory documents, and educational materials.

    ₹2,50,000 – ₹5,00,000

    Sales and Marketing Executive

    Promote pharmaceutical products to healthcare professionals and manage sales and marketing strategies.

    ₹3,00,000 – ₹6,00,000


    Teach pharmacy courses in colleges and universities, conduct research, and contribute to the field of pharmacy education.

    Varies based on academic institution

    Pharm D Top Recruiting Companies

    1. Pharmaceutical companies (e.g., Sun Pharma, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, Cipla)
    2. Hospitals and healthcare institutions
    3. Clinical research organizations (CROs)
    4. Government health departments
    5. Retail and chain pharmacies (e.g., Apollo Pharmacy, MedPlus)
    6. Academic institutions and research organizations
    7. Biotechnology firms
    8. Regulatory authorities (e.g., CDSCO, FDA)
    9. Medical writing and healthcare consulting firms
    10. Pharmaceutical marketing and sales companies.


    Q1: What is Pharm.D.?

    A1: Pharm.D. stands for Doctor of Pharmacy. It is a professional doctoral degree program that prepares individuals for a career in pharmacy, focusing on patient care and medication management.

    Q2: What is the duration of a Pharm.D. program?

    A2: Pharm.D. programs typically last for six years, including pre-pharmacy coursework. Some programs might vary in duration and structure.

    Q3: What are the prerequisites for entering a Pharm.D. program?

    A3: Prerequisites vary by school but commonly include courses in biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, and humanities. A bachelor’s degree is not always required, but specific coursework is necessary.

    Q4: What subjects are covered in a Pharm.D. curriculum?

    A4: Pharm.D. programs cover a wide range of subjects including pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacy law, patient care, pharmaceutics, therapeutics, and healthcare ethics.

    Q5: What career opportunities are available after completing a Pharm.D. program?

    A5: Pharm.D. graduates can work as pharmacists in various settings such as retail pharmacies, hospitals, clinics, pharmaceutical industry, research, and academia. They can also pursue careers in healthcare administration, regulatory affairs, or consulting.

    Q6: How is Pharm.D. different from a Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm) degree?

    A6: Pharm.D. is a doctoral-level program that focuses on clinical pharmacy and patient-centered care. B.Pharm is a bachelor’s degree program that provides a foundational understanding of pharmacy, but Pharm.D. offers advanced clinical training.

    Q7: Can Pharm.D. graduates prescribe medications?

    A7: Yes, Pharm.D. graduates in some countries, like the United States, can obtain additional certifications (such as a state license and national board exams) to become licensed pharmacists who are authorized to prescribe medications.

    Q8: What skills are developed during a Pharm.D. program?

    A8: Pharm.D. programs enhance skills in medication management, patient counseling, communication, critical thinking, problem-solving, and healthcare ethics.

    Q9: Are there specialization options within Pharm.D. programs?

    A9: Yes, some Pharm.D. programs offer specialization tracks such as clinical pharmacy, pharmacotherapy, pharmaceutical sciences, or pharmacy administration, allowing students to focus on specific areas of interest.

    Q10: Is it necessary to complete a residency after obtaining a Pharm.D. degree?

    A10: While not mandatory, completing a pharmacy residency is common and highly recommended for pharmacists who want to specialize in areas like clinical pharmacy, ambulatory care, or hospital pharmacy. Residencies provide valuable hands-on experience and open up advanced career opportunities.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *